Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying. Or, six months, if a woman is over 35. With one in eight couples experiencing it, there are also a lot of myths out there surrounding infertility.
Valerie Simpson has always dreamed of being a mom. But after losing her first baby at 37 and struggling to conceive again, she considers baby Adrian, a miracle.
Valerie is like 10-percent of women in the United States who have problems with pregnancy. And with so much information out there, it's not easy for couples to separate fertility fact from fiction.
How much do you know about fertility?
For instance, will adding more vitamins to your diet help you improve your chances of getting pregnant?
Celso Silva, MD, Director Center for Fertility Preservation USF College of medicine, explains how studies can help kill some of those myths, "I think we have no data to demonstrate that."
In fact, a healthy normal diet already has the right amount and type of vitamins we need. Smoking, is it ok as long as you stop when you get pregnant?
Silva, MD, explains how smoking is not good, "We know for a fact that smoking is detrimental in male and female infertility."
Next, does age matter? While about 20-percent of American women have their first baby after age 35, by age 30 you have a 20 percent chance of getting pregnant in any given month. After 35, your chances drop to 10-percent, by 40 it's 5-percent.
What about cell phone use? Could it lower your fertility?
In a Cleveland Clinic study, men who used their cell phones more than four hours a day showed a 30-percent drop in sperm count.
True or false, dairy doesn't matter?
A Harvard study found eating two or more low-fat dairy products increases a woman's chances of infertility by 85-percent. Testing your fertility IQ.
Something else to consider, many people think fertility is only a woman's problem. While about a third of infertility is due to problems with the woman, another third is due to the man. The final third of infertility cases are because of both partners or unknown factors.
INFERTILITY IQ: BABY MAKING MYTHS
INFERTILITY: A person who is infertile has a reduced ability to have a child. A diagnosis of infertility does not necessarily mean a person is sterile-- that is, physically unable ever to have a child. Up to 15 percent of all couples are infertile, but only 1 to 2 percent are sterile. Half of couples who seek help can eventually bear a child, either on their own or with medical assistance. In about one in five infertile couples, both partners have contributing problems. In about 15 percent of couples, no cause is found after all tests have been done, called "unexplained infertility." (www.webmd.com)
WHAT CAUSES IT? A number of potential causes for infertility in both men and women exist. For example, cancer and its treatments can severely impair reproductive function and fertility in men and women. Below are some other common causes.
* Male infertility: Abnormal sperm production or function due to undescended testicles, genetic defects or repeated infections; problems with delivery of sperm due to premature ejaculation or painful intercourse; health issues, such as retrograde ejaculation; certain genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis; structural problems such as blockage of the part of the testicle that contains sperm; overexposure to certain environmental factors such as pesticides and chemicals; frequent exposure to heat; age.
* Female infertility: Fallopian tube damage or blockage; endometriosis, which occurs when the uterine tissue implants and grows outside of the uterus; ovulation disorders; elevated prolactin, the hormone that stimulates breast milk production, polycystic ovary syndrome, a condition in which your body produces too much of the hormone androgen; early menopause, uterine fibroids, which are benign tumors in the wall of the uterus; pelvic adhesions, bands of scar tissue that bind organs after pelvic infection, appendicitis, or abdominal or pelvic surgery; thyroid problems; medical conditions associated with delayed puberty or amenorrhea, such as Cushing's disease, sickle cell disease, kidney disease and diabetes. (www.mayoclinic.com)
ASRM: The American Society of Reproductive Medicine is a non-profit, multidisciplinary organization dedicated to the advancement of the art, science, and practice of reproductive medicine. The ASRM was founded by a small group of fertility experts who met in Chicago in 1944. Distinguished members of ASRM have led the development of the field of reproductive medicine. They were the first physicians to perform many of the standard procedures used by fertility specialists today, including donor insemination and in vitro fertilization; they have developed new approaches to contraception and ovulation induction that are still in use; and they have helped form key legislation for reproductive rights.